Endure: Mind, Body, and the Curiously Elastic Limits of Human Performance (Hörbuch-Herunterladen): Amazon.de: Alex Hutchinson, Robert G. Slade, Malcolm Gladwell - foreword, HarperAudio: Audible Audiobooks Prime – Noituisong.com

Endure: Mind, Body, and the Curiously Elastic Limits of Human Performance (Hörbuch-Download): Amazon.de: Alex Hutchinson, Robert G. Slade, Malcolm Gladwell - foreword, HarperAudio: Audible Audiobooks When you read books about leadership, athletes and Navy Seals, you understand that many things are possible with the right mindset Hence Endure Mind, Body and the Curiously Elastic Limits of Human Performance EnduranceReaching the limits of endurance is a concept that seems yawningly obvious until you actually try to explain it He defines endurance as the struggle to continue against a mounting desire to stop And the mind plays a huge role However, the brain s role in endurance is, perhaps, the single most controversial topic in sports science.Not dead, could have done He quotes a coach s observation about a second place Olympic marathoner jogging around the track waving his country s flag Do you notice he s not dead he asked It means he could have run faster PacingStudies have found that we can t avoid pacing ourselves your maximum force depends on how many reps you think you have left It also turns out that, whether it is heat or cold, hunger or thirst, or muscles screaming with the supposed poison of lactic acid, what matters in many cases is how the brain interprets these distress signals.Body and mindWith the rise of sophisticated techniques to measure and manipulate the brain, researchers are finally getting a glimpse of what s happening in our neurons and synapses when we are pushed to our limits They found that brain and body are fundamentally intertwined, and to understand what defines your limits under any particular set of circumstances you have to consider them both together.SmilingThe British military has funded studies of computer based brain training protocols to enhance the endurance of its troops, with startling results Even subliminal messages can help or hurt your endurance a picture of a smiling face flashed in 16 millisecond bursts, boosts cycling performance by 12 per cent compared to frowning faces.Frame of mindAnother British study in 2012 showed that cyclists in a heat chamber went 4 per cent faster when the thermometer was rigged to display a falsely low temperature 26 instead of 32 degrees Celsius The right frame of mind, in other words, allows you to push beyond your usual temperature limits.You are operating at 65%The brain s task is to protect you It is a survival machine Read Solve for happy Which is why pacing instinct is not entirely voluntary your brain forces you to slow down, long before you re in real physiological distress So the brain plays a role in defining the limits of endurance Most of us can summon about 65 per cent of our theoretical maximum strength.Switch of the safety switchFor example, the fact that people can dive to three hundred feet or hold their breath for nearly twelve minutes tells us that oxygen s absolute limits aren t quite as constrictive as they feel, that we are protected by layer upon layer of reflexive safety mechanisms.Change the settingsAverage strength increases of 26.5 per cent after hypnosis So the question is how can you change the settings of your brain Can you gain access to at least some of the emergency reserve of energy that your brain protects There s no doubt that some athletes are able to wring out of their bodies than others, and those who finish with the most in reserve would dearly love to be able to reduce that margin of safety But is this really a consequence of the brain s subconscious decision to throttle back muscle recruitment or is it, as a rival brain centred theory of endurance posits, simply a matter of how badly you want it The science of anticipatory regulationThey found that the importance of any underlying physiological signal depends in part on how your brain receives and interprets it The science of anticipatory regulation getting your brain to use the knowledge that is gathered consciously, like an impending dive or a looming finish line, to activate or deactivate safety mechanisms that are otherwise purely unconscious Endurance as second stage thinking Managing a cognitive trait called response inhibition, which involves overriding your initial instinct, as a key.The other thingsThat does not mean that you can ignore simple things such as temperature, oxygen, lactate, calories, proteins, fat, dehydration, pain tolerance and mostly effort.So how do you improve your response inhibition and effort Manage perceived exertionPain training apparently pain is fundamentally a subjective, situation dependent phenomenon Train the brain to become accustomed to mental fatigueTest your capabilities, whatever you ve done before, you can do again plus a little Create placebo effectsCreate lucky charmsApply acts of random kindnessUse drugsApply virtual reality running against yourself Training in resilienceTraining in non judgmental self awarenessTraining in mindfulnessAgain performance and mindfulness meetAll the techniques you find in most self help books Mind techniques to become a better athlete or CEO Teaching athletes that they can do than they think they can Knowing that their fiercest opponent will be their own brain s well meaning protective circuitry.In short, there is in there, if you re willing to believe it. I thoroughly enjoyed this book Like the author says, this isn t a training manual But as my daughter succinctly said when I gave her some highlights about the book, it teaches you about yourself and what can be challenged as possible The conclusion is that it isn t just biomechanics or physiological characteristics, but the mind, and ultimately, our belief that we could always achieve than we thought possible. This is a good and fairly easy read In some of the in depth sections you may have to concentrate a bit, but that s no bad thing The book really asks two questions 1 What stops us from running ourselves to death 2 And how can we push ourselves a bit closer The general idea is that our brain acts as a controller and makes sure that although we can push ourselves into the red zone, we stop before we explode.The degree to which this is conscious or subconscious and how this management information is shunted about the body makes up quite a lot of the book.The other part is how we can push ourselves closer to our absolute limit The author covers everything from the benefits of motivational words to playing metabolic tricks on the body and running electric currents through the brain.Unfortunately I came away a bit unsatisfied The author himself points out that there seem to be a whole of ways to get a 1 3% boost But these are not cumulative using three of them simultaneously doesn t give a 9% boostThe conclusion, then, is that the body holds back a bit than 3% in reserve You can access this various ways, but there simply isn t much else available I guess that s not a criticism of the book as such, it s just a pity that the conclusion ends up being a bit banal Each point led by a story of exploration, competition or survival in feats of endurance They highlight the point Alex makes in a way that gets your interest.Each story is then woven together in a narrative through the book to build the argument between whether you re a machine with engineeeing limits or something complex with mind leading or limiting the way.Genius, thoroughly enjoyable, a lot of fun I bought this book for holiday reading as a distinctly amateur and average runner, but aware that sometimes it is my mind that is my biggest weakness limit.There is no magic bullet contained within the book, but there are plenty of takeaways that will make you think, and perhaps change the way you think, about being an endurance athlete.It s easy reading, but will it make me into a better athlete runner Well maybe, because it reminded me that the foundation of being a better runner is training and resting A lot of the rest is the icing on the cake, but good icing can make a cake. Featuring a foreword by Malcolm Gladwell Writing from both the cutting edge of scientific discovery and the front lines of elite athletic performance, National Magazine Award winning science journalist Alex Hutchinson presents a revolutionary account of the dynamic and controversial new science of endurance The capacity to endure is perhaps the key trait that separates champions and determines great performance in any field from ameter sprint to amile ultramarathon, from summiting Everest to acing finals But what if everything we ve been taught about endurance was wrong What if we all have potential than we think to go farther, push harder, and achieve Blending cutting edge science and gripping storytelling in the vein of Malcolm Gladwell who forewords the book Hutchinson reveals that a wave of paradigm altering research over the past decade suggests that the seemingly physical barriers you encounter are mediated as much by your brain as by your body But it s not all in your head For each of the physical limits that Hutchinson explores pain, muscle, oxygen, heat, thirst, fuel he carefully disentangles the delicate interplay of mind and muscle by telling the riveting stories of men and women who ve approached and sometimes surpassed their own ultimate limits As the longtime Sweat Science columnist for Outside and Runner s World as well as a frequent contributor to The New Yorker and New York Times, Hutchinson draws on his background as a former national team long distance runner and Cambridge trained physicist But the lessons he draws from traveling to labs around the world and trying out new endurance boosting techniques like electric brain stimulation and brain endurance training are surprisingly universal Endurance, he writes, is the struggle to continue against a mounting desire to stop and we re always capable of pushing a little farther

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